South Dakota's Eligibility Categories
Other Health Impaired
Specific Learning Disability
Speech/Language Impairment (articulation, fluency, voice,
Traumatic Brain Injury
Source: Determining Eligibility for
Special Education in South Dakota: A Technical Assistance document.
For full document:
Qualification is three-pronged
Student must be identified as having a disability;
The disability adversely effects educational
performance, demonstrating a need for services. (Some disabilities
do not interfere with day-to-day functioning or educational performance;
therefore, deeming special education services unnecessary.); AND
The disability and adverse effect result in a need for specially
For more information see the State Department of Education Website:
History - Federal Legislation
||The Education of All Handicapped Children Act
of 1975 - Original legislation assuring free appropriate education for
all "handicapped" children. Emphasized special education and related
services designed to meet individual students' needs. Also assured
protection of child and parents' rights. Also known as Public Law
||IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act. Changed name of previous legislation and changed term
from handicap to disability.
||IDEA reauthorized, breaking it into four parts.
Parts B &C are most often referred to in Special Education. Part B
refers to special education services for children aged 3-21. Part C
refers to early intervention services for infants and toddlers
Source: Jacob, S., Hartshorne, T. S.
(2003). Ethics and Law for School Psychologists, 4th Ed.
Hoboken: New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons.
For accurate, reliable information about special education
law, education law, and advocacy for children with disabilities
Educator and Parent Primer on Special Education -